Dad-of-four Graeme Perks, 65, remains fighting for his life after being knifed in the chest and stomach in the affluent village of Halam.
Police said he was attacked as he went to confront an intruder at his detached property following a break-in at around 4.15am on Thursday morning.
Jonathan Peter Brooks, 56, of Southwell, Notts., has now been charged with attempted murder and is due before Nottingham Magistrates Court.
He is also accused of three counts of attempted arson with intent to endanger life and possession of a knife in a public place.
Brooks, who worked at Nottingham University Hospitals, was charged last night and has been remanded into custody ahead of his appearance today.
Mr Perks, who is considered one of the "most highly regarded and respected surgeons in the profession" remains in a serious condition at Nottingham's Queen's Medical Centre.
Detective Inspector Gayle Hart, of Nottinghamshire Police, said: "Our investigations into this case have led us to charge a man.
"We are not now looking for anyone else in connection with this investigation.
"The victim is still in the intensive care unit and is still in a serious but stable condition. Our thoughts are with his family at this time.
“If anyone has any information in relation to this case we would urge them to still contact us.”
Mr Perks was one of Britain's top boob job docs before he retired from a 25 year career as a plastic surgery consultant last November.
He was head of the hospital's department of plastic, reconstructive and burns surgery.
One resident, who wished to remain anonymous, added: "Everybody is hoping he will be okay, we are all stunned and still in complete shock.
"We have never had any trouble around here, so for this to happen on your doorstep is very frightening.
Police are still appealing for information and have asked anyone who saw suspicious activity in the area to contact them on 101, quoting incident number 44 of January 14.
Alternatively, people can contact Crimestoppers anonymously on 0800 555 111.